Diagnosing Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Can We Detect it Earlier?

  • M Hennie Botha University of Stellenbosch
Keywords: Epithelial Ovarian Cancer


Ovarian cancer often presents late and the mortality associated with the diagnosis is high. Even with careful clinical examination, many subtle signs may be missed. Observational studies confirm that tubal ligation and hysterectomy confer a protective effect. Screening of low-risk individuals is not yet a useful health intervention. This review evaluates various screening options including clinical examination, biochemical markers, morphological and vascular markers and a combination of tests.

Author Biography

M Hennie Botha, University of Stellenbosch

Head Unit Gynaecological Oncology

Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital

Review Articles