Palliative chemotherapy in recurrent carcinoma cervix: experience from a regional cancer centre in southern India
Keywords: docetaxel, paclitaxel/cisplatin, palliative chemotherapy, recurrent cervical cancer
AbstractAims: To evaluate the clinical outcome and complications with two different palliative chemotherapy regimens in recurrent cervical carcinoma. Methods and materials: Forty (40) women with recurrent cervical squamous cell carcinoma were treated with palliative chemotherapy using paclitaxel plus cisplatin or single-agent docetaxel. Clinical outcome and toxicities were analysed. The parameters in two arms were compared using Student’s t-test and statistical analysis was done using R software. Results: At a median follow up of 1.35 years the clinical outcome was complete response/partial response in 50% and 60% and progressive disease in 20% and 10% of the patients with either paclitaxel/cisplatin or docetaxel, respectively, which was not statistically significant. Stable disease (SD) was 30% in both arms. Toxicity included nausea, seen in all the patients in both arms, and diarrhoea, seen in 90% and 70% of the patients in the two arms, respectively. Grade II to III neutropenia was seen in 10% of patients with paclitaxel/cisplatin and none with docetaxel. Hypersensitivity was encountered in 40% and 30% in the two arms, respectively. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in clinical outcome and morbidity in patients with either paclitaxel/cisplatin or single-agent docetaxel. Further prospective clinical trials with larger study groups and longer follow-up are required to substantiate these claims. (Full text available online at www.medpharm.tandfonline.com/ojgo) South Afr J Gynaecol Oncol 2016; DOI: 10.1080/20742835.2016.1175152
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